Promoting democracy across the globe has been one of the core elements of the foreign policy implemented by the United States. In recent years, such action has been quite widely criticized and claimed to be unwise and harmful. Such criticism was partially caused by the situation in Iraq. Though the spreading of democracy was not the reason for the military intervention in 2003, it became the reason for the continued occupation. As instability in Iraq continues, democracy promotion efforts have become justification for America’s policy. Nevertheless, democracy promotion and military intervention are not synonyms. There are many peaceful methods that can help in spreading democracy. The present paper conducted by https://bestwritingservice.com/essays/Response/Alfred-Hitchcock-Rear-Window-Film.html is centered on the idea that democracy promotion is a positive element of the U.S. foreign policy. It analyzes its possible methods and dwells upon the possible beneficial effects of such a political course. It also analyzes the usual arguments voiced against democracy promotion.
One advantage of promoting democracy is the fact that people generally live better lives within democratic regimes, which suggests a greater level of individual liberty, political stability and freedom from governmental violence against its citizens. Surely, many people would say that the United States should concentrate on their own problems and not bother other countries with such issues. Still, the continued concern of Americans over human rights, poverty and hunger in other countries prove that they do care about it. Human race exists beyond the American borders and people share common commitments with each other. The United States were formed on the principle of securing liberty for its citizens. This is the core value, and in the policy of promoting democracy, the U.S. spreads these core values. Political instability can also cause harm to Americans in the form of refugee flows, environmental damage and economic instability.
Another advantage of promoting democracy is that it is beneficial to the whole world since it reduces the likelihood of wars. Democracies do not wage war on other democracies. Thus, democracy promotion is a good means of settling international conflicts and spread peace across the globe. Liberal states do not fight because they share similar norms.
One more advantage of promoting democracy is the fact that the United States will benefit from this process as well. According to above mentioned arguments, democratic countries will not wage war against the U.S. As a result, the U.S. will have fewer enemies in the world and it will enhance national security through eliminating probable threats. Spreading democracy will be beneficial to national security because democratic countries do not support terrorism against the U.S.; those are usually authoritarian regimes that create terrorist groups. The number of refugees coming to the U.S. will also decrease as a result of the increasing life standards in the newly formed countries. People will not want to leave their countries anymore. Democracies, tending to improve market relations, also will be better economic partners for the U.S. than authoritarian regimes; they will also be a good ground for American foreign investments.
While all these advantages of promoting democracy are beneficial to the United States, the process of promoting democracy and its result fully rests on the methods of its implementation. In Iraq, it was a military pressure, but there are many more instances of proper democracy promotion. America with its prosperity should become a good example to other countries of what beneficial effects democracy can have on a state. The U.S. can also provide financial support for other democratic countries. The U.S. can strengthen cooperation and coordination with new allies, the countries, which have adopted democracy. The list does not end here since there are many other methods of promoting democracy. However, one method is usually not enough, and, for the success, a carefully chosen combination of different methods is required. It is crucial to show the non-democratic countries that the United States is not aimed at military conflicts with them and it will not occupy them. Instead, it is willing to help and make the lives of their citizens better.
The critics of the democracy promotion policy dwell upon the possibility of such a policy to actually cause wars. Surely, this is a possible situation, but this happens when the means of promotion have not been chosen wisely to make it as easy and peaceful as possible. Democratic peace is also an open question as a notion, which apparently is working now, since democracies are not at war, but it may prove wrong in the long run. The notion that is widely contrasted with democracy is that of soft authoritarianism of Asia, where the ruling elite leads the country to stability and prosperity. The countries supporting this model are among the most dynamically developing countries of our time. These countries do not wish to adopt democracy since it gives too much liberty, which might result in ethnical tension and social problems; it is also too different from the Asian cultural traditions. These countries value their current system and are not likely to be willing to change it in the nearest future.
To conclude, there are different views on the U.S. diplomacy promotion policy. Some view it as a positive phenomenon; others find it harmful to the state. Both views are shared by many and deserve close attention to the grounds, on which these ideas are based. The present essay is an attempt to analyze why such foreign policy decisions may be considered positive, provide reasons for such an opinion and discuss the possible beneficial and harmful effects of such action. Democracy grants liberty to the citizens and it is definitely worth promoting, but the means of this promotion must be carefully and wisely chosen. Only in this case it will be a success.